Bioactive Compounds and Their Application in Agriculture

Bioactive Compounds and Their Application in Agriculture

Bioactive compounds have several benefits, including extending the shelf life of food products, improving human health, and protecting the environment. They also make the job of scientists much more accessible. This article will discuss bioactive compounds and their bio-active properties farming e. We will examine the role of these compounds in agriculture and how they are beneficial for human health and the environment. Bioactive compounds are produced naturally by animals and plants. They are extracted from the waste generated during agricultural production.

Bioactive compounds extend the shelf life of food.

In addition to adding value to foods, bioactive compounds can be found in many by-products of the food industry. They are powerful antioxidants, anticancer, and antibacterial agents. In addition, they can be extracted from waste food, allowing the food industry to produce more value-added products.

The amount of bioactive compounds in different fruit and vegetables varies depending on their type, breed, size, and shape. As a result, these compounds can be manipulated during processing. Scientists have begun experimenting with these compounds to determine which ones have the most significant potential to extend shelf life. 

They protect against oxidative stress.

Plants are produced with bioactive compounds called secondary metabolites to protect against oxidative stress. These compounds are responsible for reducing oxidative stress and preventing apoptosis and disease in the elderly. Healthy aging is an emerging public health priority. These compounds also help plants improve the functioning of the mitochondria and glycolysis activities. However, more research is needed to understand these compounds.

Various bioactive compounds found in plants are known to protect crops from oxidative stress and improve the shelf life of fruits and vegetables. They offer different mechanisms of protection and are flexible in various postharvest technologies. The most protective substances are phenolic compounds. Sorghum is a good source of bioactive compounds.

The total antioxidant capacity of vegetables varies from plant to plant. This is because the thermal resistance of their constituents influences the full antioxidant capacity of fruits and vegetables. For example, vitamin C is most sensitive to heat, so its antioxidant capacity would decrease in a processed fruit. However, the antioxidant capacity of tomatoes is mainly due to polyphenols, which are more stable under heat. So, a balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables may be necessary for preventing and treating chronic diseases.

They improve human health.

Researchers are working to find new ways to boost bioactive compounds in agricultural products to improve human health. By focusing on plant secondary metabolism and the genome, the researchers hope to understand better how plants produce bioactive compounds. Understanding how bioactive compounds work in plants will enable improved crop production with improved health-promoting properties. One such project is led by Dr. Li and funded by the Global Climate and Energy Project (GCEP). The research will investigate how specific phytochemicals affect specific body organs and how processing can affect bioavailability.

Researchers have identified bioactive compounds as compounds found naturally in plants and foods. They are believed to protect against various diseases, especially cardiovascular diseases, by exerting antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. A broad range of bioactive compounds, known as phytoestrogens, are found in foods such as grapes. The benefits of bioactive compounds for human health are well-known, but the importance of identifying these compounds in the diet cannot be underestimated.

They make work easier for scientists.

The extraction of bioactive compounds from agricultural and industrial residues is a complex process that depends on the properties of the materials used and the extraction methods. Different factors such as solvent properties, matrix properties, particle size, temperature, time, and solvent-to-matrix ratio can influence the extraction process. Bioactive compounds can be used to replace chemical food additives in many products. 

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