September 19 is the 30th anniversary of independence, the smallest island states of the western hemisphere – Saint Kitts and Nevis. By this date, we have compiled a collection of five smallest island states, which, despite their size, have something to show tourists.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
This state has an area of only 261 square kilometers, which contains itself through the cultivation of sugar cane and tourism. Each year, about 250 thousand tourists walk on the shores of the islands of St. Kitts and Nevis. Given that only about 50 thousand people live in the country. Mostly citizens of the United States travel to the islands, but during the holiday season, you can meet Europeans and even Russians. Most of the population of this tiny state work in the service sector.
A small island country with an area of 316 square kilometers is cozily located in the waters of the Mediterranean Sea. Translated from the ancient Phoenician dialect, the name Malta means nothing more than a refuge or harbor. The island received such a name because it found itself at the crossroads of trade routes from Asia to European countries, carrying an important function of a transit point for sea caravans. About half a million people live in Malta today; this is a highly developed country, a member of the EU. Interesting architecture, many monuments of antiquity and a high level of service annually attract hundreds of thousands of tourists to Malta.
The Republic of Maldives is the smallest country in Asia. The area of this island state in the Indian Ocean is about 300 square kilometers; the population is just over half a million inhabitants. The most important economic sectors of the Maldives are tourism and services. To this has stunning beauty of nature, amazing wildlife, sandy beaches, and the best hotels. This is a favorite summer destination for millions of tourists annually.
The area of the state of Tuvalu in Oceania is only about 26 square kilometers. This country is at the top of the list not only the smallest but also the poorest states in the world. First of all, such a sad economic situation has developed due to the unfavorable geographical position. The economy of the country is poorly developed, mainly, the population lives due to agriculture and fishing. Tuvalu is visited by several thousand tourists annually, although this figure, with proper financing of the tourism sector, could be increased by an order of magnitude.
The smallest independent state on earth and the smallest island states outside the borders of Europe. Its area is only 21 square kilometers. Nauru in the eighties was the richest state due to the fact that there was an active production of phosphates. But this turned a beautiful coral island into a desert scorched like the surface of Mars. After the depletion of mines, the times of political instability began, and at the moment the state lives solely on the account of Australian aid and on the maintenance of refugees who want to move to Australia (sponsored by Australia itself). Of course, this place deserves the attention of tourists, only to get a visa is rather difficult, due to environmental problems associated with the extraction of phosphates in the past.